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Teenagers usually have a sense of how their parents will initially react once learning that they are self-injuring. They fear punishment. They fear judgment. They don't want to disappoint you and be a burden to you. They fear rejection.

It is normal for parents to become very frightened, confused, angry, and panicked when they learn that their teenager is deliberately self-injuring. These various emotions are common reactions that most parents feel at the time of discovery. 

fear of rejection

Parents should understand that it is not helpful to share these reactions with your teen. 

Be aware that the feelings you are experiencing as an adult are the very same feelings your child is experiencing. In addition, your teenager is also feeling isolated, helpless, desperate– and lots of emotional pain.

It is your job, as the parent, to learn how to effectively manage your own emotional reactions and provide your child with a role model and support system. Do not share any of your negative emotions with your child. If you lean on your child to tend to your emotional reactions to their self-injury, you are continuing the pattern of how your child's pain once expressed becomes their parent's pain. Reassure your teenager that you will find help.

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Family Portrait

REMAIN CALM.  Be a role model. Demonstrate that you can manage your difficult emotions. 

TRUST YOUR GUT.  If you suspect that your child is self-injuring, ask your child "have you ever hurt yourself on purpose?" Upon the discovery, ask "what happened?" 

BE GENTLE.  Reassure your child that you are going to get them professional help; and that it's going to be OK. Offer a hug–if your hug request is denied, you can hug with your words.

what should I do?

FIND AN EXPERIENCED THERAPIST AND PSYCHO-PHARMACOLOGIST.  Stay on the same page with the treatment team; follow all clinical recommendations even if these recommendations scare you. Remind yourself that you all have the same goals for your child.

There is a high co-morbidity that accompanies self-injury.

The teen can stop the self-injury but often replaces this behavior with an eating disorder, abusing cough medications, or drugs/alcohol.

It is not uncommon for self-injurers to firt with the idea of suicide.

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  • DO NOT yell and scream.

  • DO NOT punish.

  • DO NOT minimize the seriousness of this unusual behavior.  

  • DO NOT use a "contract" to stop self-injury. It doesn't work. It can lead to increased self-injury.

  • DO NOT ask your teen to stop injuring themselves for you. They need time to learn how to move away from self-injury. They must develop their own desire to stop injuring. They will stop when they are ready.

  • DO NOT say "you are just doing this for attention."  

  • DO NOT rationalize self-injury by thinking that your teen is just going through a phase that will be outgrown. The majority of adults whom self injure started their self-injury during adolescence. 

  • DO NOT let your fears prevent the treating professionals from doing their job–support the treatment plan.

  • DO NOT let your teen stop treatment prematurely.

  • DO NOT let your child's resistance to treatment or refusal to go to sessions stop you from implementing the treatment plan. A depressed teenager does not have the judgment to make this decision--your teen is probably afraid to give up what seems to be working or feels incapable of doing so.

what should I NOT do?

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  • Did you know that self-injury is the most significant risk factor for possible subsequent suicide? 

  • Did you know that suicide is the 2nd leading cause of teen death?

  • Did you know that youth self-injury has become a global public health crisis of epidemic proportions?

  • Did you know that self-injuring teens are 18 times more likely to possibly commit suicide and 34 times more likely to possibly die of alcohol or drug overdose?

did you know?

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